The Complete List of MIME Types(较为详细的MIME种类1览表

2021-03-20 14:46 jianzhan

甚么是 MIME TYPE?

1、最先,大家要掌握访问器是怎样解决內容的。在访问器中显示信息的內容有 HTML、有 XML、有 GIF、也有 Flash ……那末,访问器是怎样区别它们,决策甚么內容用甚么方式来显示信息呢?回答是 MIME Type,也便是该資源的新闻媒体种类。

新闻媒体种类一般是根据 HTTP 协议书,由 Web 服务器告之访问器的,更精确地说,是根据 Content-Type 来表明的,比如:

Content-Type: text/HTML

表明內容是 text/HTML 种类,也便是超文字文档。为何是“text/HTML”而并不是“HTML/text”或其他甚么?MIME Type 并不是本人特定的,是历经 ietf 机构商议,以 RFC 的方式做为提议的规范公布在网络上的,大多数数的 Web 服务器和客户代理商都会适用这个标准 (顺带说1句,Email 附件的种类也是根据 MIME Type 特定的)。

一般仅有1些在互联网技术上得到普遍运用的文件格式才会得到1个 MIME Type,假如是某个顾客端自身界定的文件格式,1般只能以 application/x- 开始。

XHTML 更是1个得到普遍运用的文件格式,因而,在 RFC 3236 中,表明了 XHTML 文件格式文档的 MIME Type 应当是 application/xHTML+XML。

自然,解决当地的文档,在沒有人告知访问器某个文档的 MIME Type 的状况下,访问器也会做1些默认设置的解决,这将会和你在实际操作系统软件中给文档配备的 MIME Type 相关。例如在 Windows 下,开启申请注册表的“HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREClassesMIMEDatabaseContent Type”主键,你能够看到全部 MIME Type 的配备信息内容。
 
2、在把輸出結果传输到访问器上的情况下,访问器务必起动适度的运用程序流程来解决这个輸出文本文档。这能够根据多种多样种类MIME(智能网际电子邮件扩充协议书)来进行。在HTTP中,MIME种类被界定在Content-Type header中。

比如,架设你要传输1个Microsoft Excel文档到顾客端。那末这时候的MIME种类便是“application/vnd.ms-excel”。在大多数数具体状况中,这个文档随后将传输给Execl来解决(假定大家设置Execl为解决独特MIME种类的运用程序流程)。在ASP中,设置MIME种类的方式是根据Response目标的ContentType特性。


多新闻媒体文档文件格式MIME

最开始的HTTP协议书中,并沒有额外的数据信息种类信息内容,全部传输的数据信息都被顾客程序流程解释为超文字标识語言HTML 文本文档,而以便适用多新闻媒体数据信息种类,HTTP协议书中就应用了额外在文本文档以前的MIME数据信息种类信息内容来标志数据信息种类。

MIME意为多目Internet电子邮件拓展,它设计方案的最开始目地是以便在推送电子器件电子邮件时额外多新闻媒体数据信息,让电子邮件顾客程序流程能依据其种类开展解决。但是当它被HTTP协议书适用以后,它的实际意义就更加明显了。它使得HTTP传送的不但是一般的文字,而变得丰富多彩多彩。

每一个MIME种类由两一部分构成,前面是数据信息的大种别,比如响声audio、图像image等,后边界定实际的类型。

普遍的MIME种类

超文字标识語言文字 .html,.html text/html
一般文字 .txt text/plain
RTF文字 .rtf application/rtf
GIF图型 .gif image/gif
JPEG图型 .ipeg,.jpg image/jpeg
au响声文档 .au audio/basic
MIDI歌曲文档 mid,.midi audio/midi,audio/x-midi
RealAudio歌曲文档 .ra, .ram audio/x-pn-realaudio
MPEG文档 .mpg,.mpeg video/mpeg
AVI文档 .avi video/x-msvideo
GZIP文档 .gz application/x-gzip
TAR文档 .tar application/x-tar

Internet中有1个专业机构IANA来确定规范的MIME种类,但Internet发展趋势的太快,许多运用程序流程等不如IANA来确定她们应用的MIME种类为规范种类。因而她们应用在种别中以x-开始的方式标志这个种别都还没变成规范,比如:x-gzip,x-tar等。客观事实上这些种类应用的很普遍,早已变成了客观事实规范。要是顾客机和服务器相互认可这个MIME种类,即便它是不规范的种类也沒有关联,顾客程序流程就可以依据MIME种类,选用实际的解决方式来解决数据信息。而Web服务器和访问器(包含实际操作系统软件)中,缺省都设定了规范的和普遍的MIME种类,仅有针对不普遍的 MIME种类,才必须另外设定服务器和顾客访问器,以开展鉴别。

因为MIME种类与文本文档的后缀有关,因而服务器应用文本文档的后缀来区别不一样文档的MIME种类,服务器中务必界定文本文档后缀和MIME种类之间的对应关联。而顾客程序流程从服务器上接受数据信息的情况下,它只是从服务器接纳数据信息流,其实不掌握文本文档的姓名,因而服务器务必应用额外信息内容来告知顾客程序流程数据信息的MIME种类。服务器在推送真实的数据信息以前,就要先推送标示数据信息的MIME种类的信息内容,这个信息内容应用Content-type重要字开展界定,比如针对HTML文本文档,服务器将最先推送下列两行MIME标志信息内容,这个标志其实不是真实的数据信息文档的1一部分。

Content-type: text/html

留意,第2个人行为1个空行,这是务必的,应用这个空行的目地是将MIME信息内容与真实的数据信息內容隔开开。

MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) 是叙述信息內容种类的因特网规范。
MIME 信息能包括文字、图象、声频、视頻和别的运用程序流程专用的数据信息。
官方的 MIME 信息内容是由 Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) 在下面的文本文档中出示的:
RFC⑻22 Standard for ARPA Internet text messages

RFC⑵045 MIME Part 1: Format of Internet Message Bodies
RFC⑵046 MIME Part 2: Media Types
RFC⑵047 MIME Part 3: Header Extensions for Non-ASCII Text
RFC⑵048 MIME Part 4: Registration Procedures
RFC⑵049 MIME Part 5: Conformance Criteria and Examples
不一样的运用程序流程适用不一样的 MIME 种类。

Suffixes applicable Media type and subtype(s) .3dm x-world/x⑶dmf .3dmf x-world/x⑶dmf .a application/octet-stream .aab application/x-authorware-bin .aam application/x-authorware-map .aas application/x-authorware-seg .abc text/vnd.abc .acgi text/html .afl video/animaflex .ai application/postscript .aif audio/aiff .aif audio/x-aiff .aifc audio/aiff .aifc audio/x-aiff .aiff audio/aiff .aiff audio/x-aiff .aim application/x-aim .aip text/x-audiosoft-intra .ani application/x-navi-animation .aos application/x-nokia⑼000-communicator-add-on-software .aps application/mime .arc application/octet-stream .arj application/arj .arj application/octet-stream .art image/x-jg .asf video/x-ms-asf .asm text/x-asm .asp text/asp .asx application/x-mplayer2 .asx video/x-ms-asf .asx video/x-ms-asf-plugin .au audio/basic .au audio/x-au .avi application/x-troff-msvideo .avi video/avi .avi video/msvideo .avi video/x-msvideo .avs video/avs-video .bcpio application/x-bcpio .bin application/mac-binary .bin application/macbinary .bin application/octet-stream .bin application/x-binary .bin application/x-macbinary .bm image/bmp .bmp image/bmp .bmp image/x-windows-bmp .boo application/book .book application/book .boz application/x-bzip2 .bsh application/x-bsh .bz application/x-bzip .bz2 application/x-bzip2 .c text/plain .c text/x-c .c++ text/plain .cat application/vnd.ms-pki.seccat .cc text/plain .cc text/x-c .ccad application/clariscad .cco application/x-cocoa .cdf application/cdf .cdf application/x-cdf .cdf application/x-netcdf .cer application/pkix-cert .cer application/x-x509-ca-cert .cha application/x-chat .chat application/x-chat .class application/java .class application/java-byte-code .class application/x-java-class .com application/octet-stream .com text/plain .conf text/plain .cpio application/x-cpio .cpp text/x-c .cpt application/mac-compactpro .cpt application/x-compactpro .cpt application/x-cpt .crl application/pkcs-crl .crl application/pkix-crl .crt application/pkix-cert .crt application/x-x509-ca-cert .crt application/x-x509-user-cert .csh application/x-csh .csh text/x-script.csh .css application/x-pointplus .css text/css .cxx text/plain .dcr application/x-director .deepv application/x-deepv .def text/plain .der application/x-x509-ca-cert .dif video/x-dv .dir application/x-director .dl video/dl .dl video/x-dl .doc application/msword .dot application/msword .dp application/commonground .drw application/drafting .dump application/octet-stream .dv video/x-dv .dvi application/x-dvi .dwf drawing/x-dwf (old) .dwf model/vnd.dwf .dwg application/acad .dwg image/vnd.dwg .dwg image/x-dwg .dxf application/dxf .dxf image/vnd.dwg .dxf image/x-dwg .dxr application/x-director .el text/x-script.elisp .elc application/x-bytecode.elisp (compiled elisp) .elc application/x-elc .env application/x-envoy .eps application/postscript .es application/x-esrehber .etx text/x-setext .evy application/envoy .evy application/x-envoy .exe application/octet-stream .f text/plain .f text/x-fortran .f77 text/x-fortran .f90 text/plain .f90 text/x-fortran .fdf application/vnd.fdf .fif application/fractals .fif image/fif .fli video/fli .fli video/x-fli .flo image/florian .flx text/vnd.fmi.flexstor .fmf video/x-atomic3d-feature .for text/plain .for text/x-fortran .fpx image/vnd.fpx .fpx image/vnd.net-fpx .frl application/freeloader .funk audio/make .g text/plain .g3 image/g3fax .gif image/gif .gl video/gl .gl video/x-gl .gsd audio/x-gsm .gsm audio/x-gsm .gsp application/x-gsp .gss application/x-gss .gtar application/x-gtar .gz application/x-compressed .gz application/x-gzip .gzip application/x-gzip .gzip multipart/x-gzip .h text/plain .h text/x-h .hdf application/x-hdf .help application/x-helpfile .hgl application/vnd.hp-hpgl .hh text/plain .hh text/x-h .hlb text/x-script .hlp application/hlp .hlp application/x-helpfile .hlp application/x-winhelp .hpg application/vnd.hp-hpgl .hpgl application/vnd.hp-hpgl .hqx application/binhex .hqx application/binhex4 .hqx application/mac-binhex .hqx application/mac-binhex40 .hqx application/x-binhex40 .hqx application/x-mac-binhex40 .hta application/hta .htc text/x-component .htm text/html .html text/html .htmls text/html .htt text/webviewhtml .htx text/html .ice x-conference/x-cooltalk .ico image/x-icon .idc text/plain .ief image/ief .iefs image/ief .iges application/iges .iges model/iges .igs application/iges .igs model/iges .ima application/x-ima .imap application/x-httpd-imap .inf application/inf .ins application/x-internett-signup .ip application/x-ip2 .isu video/x-isvideo .it audio/it .iv application/x-inventor .ivr i-world/i-vrml .ivy application/x-livescreen .jam audio/x-jam .jav text/plain .jav text/x-java-source .java text/plain .java text/x-java-source .jcm application/x-java-commerce .jfif image/jpeg .jfif image/pjpeg .jfif-tbnl image/jpeg .jpe image/jpeg .jpe image/pjpeg .jpeg image/jpeg .jpeg image/pjpeg .jpg image/jpeg .jpg image/pjpeg .jps image/x-jps .js application/x-javascript .js application/javascript .js application/ecmascript .js text/javascript .js text/ecmascript .jut image/jutvision .kar audio/midi .kar music/x-karaoke .ksh application/x-ksh .ksh text/x-script.ksh .la audio/nspaudio .la audio/x-nspaudio .lam audio/x-liveaudio .latex application/x-latex .lha application/lha .lha application/octet-stream .lha application/x-lha .lhx application/octet-stream .list text/plain .lma audio/nspaudio .lma audio/x-nspaudio .log text/plain .lsp application/x-lisp .lsp text/x-script.lisp .lst text/plain .lsx text/x-la-asf .ltx application/x-latex .lzh application/octet-stream .lzh application/x-lzh .lzx application/lzx .lzx application/octet-stream .lzx application/x-lzx .m text/plain .m text/x-m .m1v video/mpeg .m2a audio/mpeg .m2v video/mpeg .m3u audio/x-mpequrl .man application/x-troff-man .map application/x-navimap .mar text/plain .mbd application/mbedlet .mc$ application/x-magic-cap-package⑴.0 .mcd application/mcad .mcd application/x-mathcad .mcf image/vasa .mcf text/mcf .mcp application/netmc .me application/x-troff-me .mht message/rfc822 .mhtml message/rfc822 .mid application/x-midi .mid audio/midi .mid audio/x-mid .mid audio/x-midi .mid music/crescendo .mid x-music/x-midi .midi application/x-midi .midi audio/midi .midi audio/x-mid .midi audio/x-midi .midi music/crescendo .midi x-music/x-midi .mif application/x-frame .mif application/x-mif .mime message/rfc822 .mime www/mime .mjf audio/x-vnd.audioexplosion.mjuicemediafile .mjpg video/x-motion-jpeg .mm application/base64 .mm application/x-meme .mme application/base64 .mod audio/mod .mod audio/x-mod .moov video/quicktime .mov video/quicktime .movie video/x-sgi-movie .mp2 audio/mpeg .mp2 audio/x-mpeg .mp2 video/mpeg .mp2 video/x-mpeg .mp2 video/x-mpeq2a .mp3 audio/mpeg3 .mp3 audio/x-mpeg⑶ .mp3 video/mpeg .mp3 video/x-mpeg .mpa audio/mpeg .mpa video/mpeg .mpc application/x-project .mpe video/mpeg .mpeg video/mpeg .mpg audio/mpeg .mpg video/mpeg .mpga audio/mpeg .mpp application/vnd.ms-project .mpt application/x-project .mpv application/x-project .mpx application/x-project .mrc application/marc .ms application/x-troff-ms .mv video/x-sgi-movie .my audio/make .mzz application/x-vnd.audioexplosion.mzz .nap image/naplps .naplps image/naplps .nc application/x-netcdf .ncm application/vnd.nokia.configuration-message .nif image/x-niff .niff image/x-niff .nix application/x-mix-transfer .nsc application/x-conference .nvd application/x-navidoc .o application/octet-stream .oda application/oda .omc application/x-omc .omcd application/x-omcdatamaker .omcr application/x-omcregerator .p text/x-pascal .p10 application/pkcs10 .p10 application/x-pkcs10 .p12 application/pkcs⑴2 .p12 application/x-pkcs12 .p7a application/x-pkcs7-signature .p7c application/pkcs7-mime .p7c application/x-pkcs7-mime .p7m application/pkcs7-mime .p7m application/x-pkcs7-mime .p7r application/x-pkcs7-certreqresp .p7s application/pkcs7-signature .part application/pro_eng .pas text/pascal .pbm image/x-portable-bitmap .pcl application/vnd.hp-pcl .pcl application/x-pcl .pct image/x-pict .pcx image/x-pcx .pdb chemical/x-pdb .pdf application/pdf .pfunk audio/make .pfunk audio/make.my.funk .pgm image/x-portable-graymap .pgm image/x-portable-greymap .pic image/pict .pict image/pict .pkg application/x-newton-compatible-pkg .pko application/vnd.ms-pki.pko .pl text/plain .pl text/x-script.perl .plx application/x-pixclscript .pm image/x-xpixmap .pm text/x-script.perl-module .pm4 application/x-pagemaker .pm5 application/x-pagemaker .png image/png .pnm application/x-portable-anymap .pnm image/x-portable-anymap .pot application/mspowerpoint .pot application/vnd.ms-powerpoint .pov model/x-pov .ppa application/vnd.ms-powerpoint .ppm image/x-portable-pixmap .pps application/mspowerpoint .pps application/vnd.ms-powerpoint .ppt application/mspowerpoint .ppt application/powerpoint .ppt application/vnd.ms-powerpoint .ppt application/x-mspowerpoint .ppz application/mspowerpoint .pre application/x-freelance .prt application/pro_eng .ps application/postscript .psd application/octet-stream .pvu paleovu/x-pv .pwz application/vnd.ms-powerpoint .py text/x-script.phyton .pyc application/x-bytecode.python .qcp audio/vnd.qcelp .qd3 x-world/x⑶dmf .qd3d x-world/x⑶dmf .qif image/x-quicktime .qt video/quicktime .qtc video/x-qtc .qti image/x-quicktime .qtif image/x-quicktime .ra audio/x-pn-realaudio .ra audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin .ra audio/x-realaudio .ram audio/x-pn-realaudio .ras application/x-cmu-raster .ras image/cmu-raster .ras image/x-cmu-raster .rast image/cmu-raster .rexx text/x-script.rexx .rf image/vnd.rn-realflash .rgb image/x-rgb .rm application/vnd.rn-realmedia .rm audio/x-pn-realaudio .rmi audio/mid .rmm audio/x-pn-realaudio .rmp audio/x-pn-realaudio .rmp audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin .rng application/ringing-tones .rng application/vnd.nokia.ringing-tone .rnx application/vnd.rn-realplayer .roff application/x-troff .rp image/vnd.rn-realpix .rpm audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin .rt text/richtext .rt text/vnd.rn-realtext .rtf application/rtf .rtf application/x-rtf .rtf text/richtext .rtx application/rtf .rtx text/richtext .rv video/vnd.rn-realvideo .s text/x-asm .s3m audio/s3m .saveme application/octet-stream .sbk application/x-tbook .scm application/x-lotusscreencam .scm text/x-script.guile .scm text/x-script.scheme .scm video/x-scm .sdml text/plain .sdp application/sdp .sdp application/x-sdp .sdr application/sounder .sea application/sea .sea application/x-sea .set application/set .sgm text/sgml .sgm text/x-sgml .sgml text/sgml .sgml text/x-sgml .sh application/x-bsh .sh application/x-sh .sh application/x-shar .sh text/x-script.sh .shar application/x-bsh .shar application/x-shar .shtml text/html .shtml text/x-server-parsed-html .sid audio/x-psid .sit application/x-sit .sit application/x-stuffit .skd application/x-koan .skm application/x-koan .skp application/x-koan .skt application/x-koan .sl application/x-seelogo .smi application/smil .smil application/smil .snd audio/basic .snd audio/x-adpcm .sol application/solids .spc application/x-pkcs7-certificates .spc text/x-speech .spl application/futuresplash .spr application/x-sprite .sprite application/x-sprite .src application/x-wais-source .ssi text/x-server-parsed-html .ssm application/streamingmedia .sst application/vnd.ms-pki.certstore .step application/step .stl application/sla .stl application/vnd.ms-pki.stl .stl application/x-navistyle .stp application/step .sv4cpio application/x-sv4cpio .sv4crc application/x-sv4crc .svf image/vnd.dwg .svf image/x-dwg .svr application/x-world .svr x-world/x-svr .swf application/x-shockwave-flash .t application/x-troff .talk text/x-speech .tar application/x-tar .tbk application/toolbook .tbk application/x-tbook .tcl application/x-tcl .tcl text/x-script.tcl .tcsh text/x-script.tcsh .tex application/x-tex .texi application/x-texinfo .texinfo application/x-texinfo .text application/plain .text text/plain .tgz application/gnutar .tgz application/x-compressed .tif image/tiff .tif image/x-tiff .tiff image/tiff .tiff image/x-tiff .tr application/x-troff .tsi audio/tsp-audio .tsp application/dsptype .tsp audio/tsplayer .tsv text/tab-separated-values .turbot image/florian .txt text/plain .uil text/x-uil .uni text/uri-list .unis text/uri-list .unv application/i-deas .uri text/uri-list .uris text/uri-list .ustar application/x-ustar .ustar multipart/x-ustar .uu application/octet-stream .uu text/x-uuencode .uue text/x-uuencode .vcd application/x-cdlink .vcs text/x-vcalendar .vda application/vda .vdo video/vdo .vew application/groupwise .viv video/vivo .viv video/vnd.vivo .vivo video/vivo .vivo video/vnd.vivo .vmd application/vocaltec-media-desc .vmf application/vocaltec-media-file .voc audio/voc .voc audio/x-voc .vos video/vosaic .vox audio/voxware .vqe audio/x-twinvq-plugin .vqf audio/x-twinvq .vql audio/x-twinvq-plugin .vrml application/x-vrml .vrml model/vrml .vrml x-world/x-vrml .vrt x-world/x-vrt .vsd application/x-visio .vst application/x-visio .vsw 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